Agile Methodology: Breaking and Making of High-Quality Software
Agile Methodology was founded in 2001 by seventeen software developers.
Agile methodology is the process by which a team can manage a project by breaking it up into several stages and involving constant collaboration with stakeholders and continuous improvement and iteration at every stage. The system involves designing, delivering and testing high-quality software at the lowest cost and in the shortest possible time. The agile begins with the developer hearing out the client’s description of how they want the end program to be. The developer understands the use and purpose of programming. This initiative clarifies the customer’s expectation of the project team.
Continuous collaboration between the developer’s team and stakeholder plays a vital role in the project outcome. This brings out a fully-informed decision. The agile methodology originated from ‘Agile Manifesto.’ The technique deals with project management and software development.
Agile Methodology was created by a group of seventeen leading figures in the software industry. In 2001, they gathered at a ski resort to talk and relax. But the outcome was huge than they thought. They all found a common ground on software development and created the technology. Agile methodology carries four main values,
- Individuals and interactions over processes and tools
- Working software over comprehensive documentation
- Customer collaboration over contract negotiation
- Responding to change over following a plan
Not many, but some companies are slowly switching to the agile methodology from normal software making. Many legacy companies have adopted the method to keep with the pace of tech innovation. IBM is one of the high-profile companies up to it. IBM incorporates the agile approach into its hiring method and workplace design to make t a company culture.
Types of Agile Methodology
Companies choose the type of agile methodology based on their culture, leadership and industry in which they operate.
Agile Scrum: Agile scrum is similar to an assembly-line approach. Each team works on delivering potential increments of a software project that could last for 30 days. Priorities are established beforehand in a product backlog.
Lean Software Development: This process involves delivering features of the system in small batches. The initial motive is to eliminate waste by asking users to select only the truly valuable features of the system and then work to despatch. It emphasises a quick strategy where the developers get the user input as fast as possible and then reiterate.
Kanban: Kanban is virtual to-do list of workflow method that displays the job to help the team visualize the tasks at hand without looking too far ahead. Looking at jobs that might come in the future are believed to cause overwhelm. Henceforth, the method suggests the next highest priority only when something is finished.
Extreme Programming (XP): In this method, customers work closely with the development team to define and prioritize the user’s stories. Henceforth, it is considered as the most user-centric software development. It also has a continuous feedback loop from the customers where they can review after every single development.
Dynamic System Development Method (DSDM): DSDM focuses on fitness for business purposes as a prioritization framework. It uses 80% of the system that can be delivered 20% of the time. In the case of rework in DSDM, all development changes must be reversible. All system requirements are planned and delivered in sprints.
Feature Driven Development: This agile methodology type can only create one specific feature at a time which is useful in the eyes of the client. If a single feature takes more than two weeks to be built, then it is split into smaller pieces for quick development.